Sunday, February 11, 2018

Captain John Lucas -- Looking Back on the Lucasville Founder's Roots

 Lucas Family Plot - Lucaville Cemetery

Lucasville. What do you know about the founder, John Lucas? Allow me to start a little genealogical adventure beginning with John's Great-Great-Grandfather. This ancestral journey begins in merry old England in the early 1600's and is tied to the New World settlement of Pennsylvania and William Penn. I have emboldened the names of the ancestors with a direct link to Captain John Lucas. Perhaps this entry will stir the minds of some more recent ancestors and lead to further information. That is my sincere wish.

Robert Lucas

Robert Lucas (1630-circa 1704 66-82) was the son of David Lucas and Amanda McHan. He was born in Deverill, Wiltshire, England, in 1679 and was a member of the Pennsylvania Assembly in the early days of the "Holy Experiment."

The "Holy Experiment" was an attempt by the Religious Society of Friends, also known as Quakers, to establish a community for themselves and other persecuted religious minorities in what would become the modern state of Pennsylvania. They hoped it would show to the world how well they could function on their own without any persecution or dissension.

The Experiment ultimately failed after roughly eighty years, due to Founder William Penn's death and conflicts between Quakers and non-Quakers within the colony over the foundation of a Pennsylvania-backed militia, which defied Quaker beliefs.

Robert was a yeoman who arrived in Philadelphia on April 4, 1679. on the the ship “Elizabeth & Sarah (or Mary)” of Weymouth. Elizabeth, his wife, arrived in the ship "Content," of London, in July 1680 with her eight children: John, Giles, Edward, Robert, Elizabeth, Rebecca, Mary and Sarah.

Robert Lucas received a grant of 177 acres of land, below the Fails, on the west side of the Delaware, from Edmond Andross, Governor General under the Duke of York, and it was confirmed by patent from William Penn on May 3, 1684. This land he devised to his son, Edward. Robert.

Lucas was a Justice of Upland Court, 1681, member of Provincial Assembly, 1683, 1687 and 1688, and was a member of the first grand jury in Pennsylvania, summoned March 2, 1683. His will was signed June, 1687, and he died in Bucks county in (1688? 1704?). His will mentions his wife, Elizabeth, and sons, Edward, Robert, Giles and John, and provides for his younger children who are not mentioned by name.

Edward Robert Lucas (Son)

Edward Robert Lucas was born May 14, 1659, in Longbridge Deverill, Wiltshire, England, the son of Robert and Elizabeth. He was Supervisor of Highways for Falls Township in 1730. He married Bridget Kinsey Scott, at the house of Thomas Lambert, in New Jersey, under the care Chesterfield Friends' Meeting (Quaker). Children were John Lucas, Elizabeth Lucas, Rebeccah Cowgill Lucas, Mary Lucas, Giles Lucas, Edward Lucas, Robert Lucas, and Sarah Lucas.

After Edward Lucas moved to Virginia, he attended Tuscarora Meeting and took an active part in the Friends' settlement.

Edward died circa March 4, 1739 in Falls Township, Bucks County, Pennsylvania, British America.

Edward Lucas II (Grandson)

Edward Lucas II was born December 24, 1710, in Falls Township, Bucks Country, Pennsylvania, British America. He was the son of Edward and Bridget Lucas. Edward II married Mary Darke, who was not Quaker. The marriage was not approved of and Edward was disowned for marrying out of unity. It is also recorded Edward was the husband of Elizabeth Lucas and Mary Elizabeth Lucas.

Edward's children were Robert Lucas, Elizabeth Hall, Edward Lucas, William Joseph Darke Lucas, and John Lucas.

Edward and Mary moved to northern Virginia where Edward had purchased land from Lord Fairfax. The farm was located at Pack Horse Ford, about three miles from the settlement of Mecklenberg (Shepherdstown) on the road to Charles Town. It contained three springs on what was later called 'Lucas Run' or 'Rattlesnake Run.' Before a stockade could be erected, Indians burned the first log cabin. However, the family had sought shelter at a nearby fort and were thus spared.

Edward died on October 3, 1777, in Coldspring Farm, Berkeley County, Virginia, United Colonies.

William Joseph Darke Lucas (Great-Grandson)

William Lucas was born January 18, 1742, in Frederick County, Virginia, the son of Edward Lucas II (1710 - 1777) and Mary (Darke) Lucas (1709 – 1743).

William served in the French and Indian War, under William Darke (later General), and in 1776 he became a First Lieutenant, in Captain William Morgan's company of volunteers that reinforced General George Washington, in New Jersey.

William married Susannah Parker Lucas (Barnes), sister-in-law to James Rumsey, whose steamship experiments took place on the Potomic River, at Shepherdstown in Virginia (present-day West Virginia.).

William built a large a large stone, L-shaped, 2-story house near Shepherdstown, known as "Linden Spring." The house is on the National Register of Historic Places, and is significant as the childhood home of Robert Lucas (1781-1853), Governor of Ohio and first territorial governor of Iowa.

 Linden Spring

Children of William and Susannah:

* Joseph Lucas, born October 21, 1771, in Frederick County, Virginia, died August 12, 1808, in Scioto county, Ohio, married Hannah Humphreys

* Susannah Lucas (twin) born November 29, 1773, died August 10, 1833, married Robert Buckles

* General William Lucas, (twin) born November 29, 1773, died September 10, 1805, married Elizabeth Weyncoup

* Major Samuel Lucas, born September 5, 1775, died February, 1813, served with the Second Ohio Militia, in the War of 1812

* Governor Robert Edward Lucas, born April 1, 1781, in Shepherdstown, Jefferson County, Virginia (became WV, in 1863) died February 7, 1853, in Iowa City, Johnson county, Iowa, served in the Ohio Militia, during the War of 1812, became Governor of Ohio, and Iowa Territorial Governor, married 1) Elizabeth Brown and 2) Friendly Ashley Sumner

* Lavisa Lucas Steenbergen, born August 17, 1783, died March 16, 1865, in Iowa, married Charles Steenbergen

* Captain John Lucas, born June 6, 1787, died July 31, 1825, in Lucasville, Ohio, the town which he founded, served in the War of 1812, married his cousin, Mary Lucas, daughter of Robert Lucas and Sarah (Rion) Lucas

* Abigail Lucas, born January 9, 1791, died May 20, 1842, in Scioto county, Ohio, married 1) John Clark and 2) Henry Cramer

William's wife, Susannah, died May 4, 1809, in Scioto County, Ohio and was buried in the Lucasville Cemetery, in the town founded by her son, John Lucas. William died July 2, 1814, in Lucasville, and was buried with her.

William Lucas - Lucasville Cemetery

John Lucas (Great-Great-Grandson)

John Lucas was born in 1788. He was the son of William and Susannah Barnes Lucas, who had come to present-day Scioto County from Virginia circa 1802. John volunteered for service and commanded a regiment during the War of 1812. Captain Lucas returned from the war after he was released, as he and his company had been part of the forces surrendered by General Hull.

Upon the death of his father in 1814, John inherited much of his family's property in Scioto County, and it was on a portion of this land that he established the town of Lucasville on August 7, 1819. He and his wife, Mary Lucas (1793-1826), ran a tavern until his death in 1825.

John and Mary had one son, John W. Lucas.

“Edward Lucas.”
Surname Meaning for Lucas

English, French, Spanish, Portuguese, Dutch, etc.: from the Latin personal name Lucas (Greek Loukas) ‘man from Lucania’. Lucania is a region of southern Italy thought to have been named in ancient times with a word meaning ‘bright’ or ‘shining’. Compare Lucio. The Christian name owed its enormous popularity throughout Europe in the Middle Ages to St. Luke the Evangelist, hence the development of this surname and many vernacular derivatives in most of the languages of Europe. Compare Luke. This is also found as an Americanized form of Greek Loukas. Scottish: reduced Anglicized form of Gaelic Mac Lùcais (see McLucas).

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