Monday, July 9, 2018

The Long Road to Lucasville, Ohio -- Beginnings 1819

Let's trace the paternal roots of our founder, John Lucas, to ensure Lucasville residents know the history. It is a proud family story of incredible fortitude and accomplishment. We hope it is shared with present-day inhabitants and future generations. Research the history of these people because exploring the Lucas family will provide much more detail about their impact on Ohio and on America. 

T. K. Cartmell, historian and author of Shenandoah Valley Pioneers and Their Descendents, says, “The Lucas name is prominently mentioned in every war period from the Indian massacres to and through the Civil War.” The records of the 55th Regiment of Virginia Militia, Berkeley County, after the Revolution through the War of 1812 – years 1795-1815 – are replete with changes of officer assignments. They include the names of William Lucas, Edward Lucas, Robert Lucas, Joseph Lucas, John Rion (Sarah's father), William Lucas Jr., Edward Lucas Jr., and Roberts Buckles, Jr. The older men were veterans of the Indian wars and the Revolution.

* Robert Lucas (Founder's Great-Great-Grandfather)

Robert Lucas (the original “Robert” from England) was born about 1630. He was the son od David and Amanda (Mehan) Lucas of Wiltshire, England. In 1651, Robert married Elizabeth Coggill (Cowgill) and lived in Longbridge, Deverill, just south of Warminster, Wiltshire.

* Then, Robert goes to Bucks County, Pennsylvania

In 1679, Robert embarked on the “Elizabeth and Mary” out of Weymouth and emigrated to Bucks County in William Penn's colony (Pennsylvania). In the next year, his wife and their eight children took the ship “Content” out of London and followed him to America where he became a surveyor and farm owner along Falls River in Bucks County.

* Edward Lucas Sr. (Founder's Great-Grandfather)

Edward, the son of Robert Lucas and Elizabeth Cowgill, was the sixth of eight children. He was born May 14, 1659 or 1670 (sources differ). He was a supervisor of Falls Township and a member of the Friends Monthly Meeting for thirteen years. Monthly Meetings are the basic unit of administration in the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers).

* Edward Lucas II (Founder's Grandfather)

Edward Lucas II was the son of Edward (Sr.) and Bridgett Scott. He and Bridgett had eight children, four sons and four daughters. Edward II was born Christmas Even 1710, the eighth child.

* Then, Edward II goes to Virginia

Edward Lucas moved from Bucks County, Pennsylvania and settled sometime prior to 1740 on a plantation he named “Cold Spring.” One of the earlier settlers there, Lucas and others first built log houses surrounded by stockades on their farms and forts as refuges from the marauding Indians.

The Lucas farm was about three miles from town on the road to Charles Town. Their first log house on the land was burned by the Indians. It had probably been abandoned as there is no account of any loss of life there.

Historian Samuel Kercheval explains how early settlers during the Indian wars “enjoyed no peace excepting during the winter season when, owing to the severity of the weather, the Indians were unable to make their excursions into the settlements.”

Edward Lucas likely built his permanent home on his Cold Spring plantation sometime after receiving a 1760 grant from Lord Fairfax

Edward married Mary Darke about 1732 or 1734 (sources differ). Frontier life was very hard, especially for the women, many of whom died in childbirth and young. Mary was only 34 when she died in 17433, leaving five small children.

The oldest, Elizabeth (born January 13, 1735) married William Hall of Halltown, Virginia, an Englishman. The other four children were boys: John born in 1736, died in infancy; Edward (III) born in 1738; Robert born in 1740; and William born in 1742.

Edward III lived and died in Virginia. (Robert Lucas was the son of Edward Lucas III and Elizabeth Edwards.)

* William Lucas (Founder's Father)

William, son of Edward Lucas II and Mark Darke, was only two when his mother died. He grew up and married in the county. His wife was Susannah Barnes and they had six boys and six girls, all born in the part of Frederick, then Berkeley, that is now Jefferson. One daughter Susannah Lucas, a twin born in 1773, married Robert Buckles and they migrated to Scioto County, Ohio. William's son Robert (1781-1853) became a Governor of Ohio in 1832 and the first territorial governor of Iowa. William's youngest son, John, born June 16, 1788.

William served in the French and Indian War, under William Darke (later General) and in 1776, became a First Lieutenant, in Captain William Morgan's company of volunteers that reinforced General George Washington, in New Jersey. William built a large a large stone, L-shaped, 2-story house near Shepherdstown (now West Virginia) known as "Linden Spring." William moved to Ohio and died on July 2. 1814. in Lucasville, where he is buried.

* Then, William and family go to Ohio.

* John Lucas – Founder of Lucasville

John Lucas, son of William Lucas and Susannah Barnes, moved with his family to Ohio circa 1802, when he was twelve. John married Mary Lucas, the daughter of Robert Lucas and Sarah Rion. John Lucas and Mary Lucas were first cousins once removed. (Mary Lucas's father, Robert was first cousin to John Lucas.)

John is credited with founding the town of Lucasville on land warrants of his father given for Revolutionary War service. There he opened a tavern which he operated until his death on July 31, 1825, age 37. By his father's will he was left 376 acres in Scioto County. When he died in 1777, William Lucas was buried in the Lucasville Cemetery with full military honors. No artistic rendering of John is known to exist -- we can only speculate on his appearance through family ties.

The Family Line – A Simple Reference
(Not including all children)

Robert Lucas and Elizabeth Coggill
Edward Lucas (Sr.) and Bridgett Scott
Edward Lucas II and Mary Darke
(Remember Edward Lucas II also had a son, Edward Lucas III who married Elizabeth Edwards. They had another son, Robert Lucas II?, who married Sarah Rion, the mother of John Lucas's wife, Mary. A little complicated, isn't it?)
William Lucas and Susannah Barnes
John Lucas and Mary Lucas (the daughter of Robert Lucas and Sarah Rion – John's cousin)

Haystack Knob -- Lucasville, Ohio

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